Acute food insecurity in Karamoja and Teso sub-regions and refugee-hosting districts
In the Karamoja and Teso sub-regions and in the refugee-hosting districts analysed, subsequent poor and below-average seasonal food harvests and livestock production, coupled with sharp increases in food and commodity prices essential non-food items, have caused widespread food insecurity.
Seasonal crop pests and diseases as well as endemic livestock vectors and diseases (and conflicts in Karamoja and Teso) have also contributed.
In total, between June and August 2022, about 1.8 million people (24% of the population analyzed) in these areas experienced high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or higher), including more than 250,000 people in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) . In Teso, levels were particularly high, with 30% of the population (625,000 people) in IPC Phase 3 or above, and all districts classified as IPC Phase 3 (Crisis), Bukedea and Kaberamaido being facing the highest levels of acute food insecurity. At the time of the assessment in July 2022, approximately 83% of households were using crisis and emergency coping strategies. In Karamoja, 25% of the population (315,000 people) were in IPC Phase 3 or above, with five of the nine districts in the sub-region classified as IPC Phase 3 and the rest as IPC Phase 2 (Stress). In the refugee-hosting districts, 21% of the population (857,000 people) were in IPC Phase 3 or above, with nine of the 12 districts analyzed classified in IPC Phase 3 and the rest in Phase 2 of the CPI. At the time of the analysis, a significant proportion of households in IPC Phase 3 or above were facing growing food consumption gaps and were employing atypical coping strategies in crises and emergencies.
During the projection period (September 2022 – January 2023), the overall situation should improve. The total population facing high acute food insecurity should be reduced to 1.1 million (15% of the population analyzed). In Karamoja, acute food insecurity levels are expected to remain the same, with some districts likely to see reductions (Napak and Nabilatuk). In Teso, the number of people in IPC Phase 3 or above will likely halve, with three districts moving to IPC Phase 2. proceed to IPC Phase 2.
Acute malnutrition in refugee camps and host districts
In the 13 refugee camps and 12 host districts analyzed, around 104,440 children were and are likely to be acutely malnourished between February 2022 and January 2023, including around 16,540 severely malnourished children in need of treatment. In addition, approximately 12,850 pregnant or breastfeeding women were and are likely to be acutely malnourished and in need of treatment.
In the refugee camps, one district – Adjumani – has been classified as IPC Phase 3 (Serious), six districts – Bidibidi, Imvepi, Palabek, Palorinya, Rhino Camp and Kiryandongo – have been classified as IPC Phase 2 IPC (Alert), while the others classified as IPC Phase 1 (Acceptable) between February and July 2022. During the projection period (August 2022 – January 2023), Adjumani is expected to transition to IPC Phase 2. In the refugee-hosting districts, all were classified as IPC phase 1 in both periods.
The main factors contributing to acute malnutrition in refugee camps and host districts are inadequate food consumption, both in terms of quality and quantity; food shortage and insecurity; high incidence and prevalence of malaria and acute respiratory infections; inadequate maternal, infant, young child and adolescent nutrition practices/interventions (MIYCAN); insufficient access to water and generally high levels of anemia among children and pregnant women.