Do you have high blood sugar? 7 tips to take care of the eyes of people with diabetes | Health info

By Dr Saurabh Choudhary

Diabetes can have a serious impact on your eyes, leading to vision changes, vision loss and even blindness. This is because high blood sugar damages the tiny capillaries in the retina. Once high blood sugar levels cause damage to the retina, the vision loss you suffer from may be irreversible.

7 eye care tips for people with diabetes:

Maintain your blood sugar: Maintaining tight blood sugar control is by far the most effective way to prevent all eye problems associated with diabetes. It is important to avoid massive blood sugar fluctuations.

Balanced diet: To protect diabetic eyes, eat a balanced diet that includes vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, beta-carotene, lutein, omega-3 fatty acids, zinc and zeaxanthin. These essential vitamins are found in all fruits and vegetables, leafy greens, fatty fish like salmon, tuna, or mackerel, nuts like walnuts and almonds, and beans, lentils, and mushrooms. Strictly avoid sweets, processed meats, packaged foods, fried snacks, carbonated drinks, etc.

Also Read: High Blood Sugar – 3 Diabetes Friendly Dinner Recipes You Should Try!

Exercise: Regular exercise helps control blood sugar and therefore may reduce your risk of developing diabetes-related eye disease. Simple cardio like jogging, brisk walking, running, dancing, swimming, cycling, etc. enough. Do them for at least half an hour every day to keep your eyes in shape.

Meditate: Stress can raise your blood sugar levels as well as your blood pressure. Meditation can calm your mind and ease your body.

Drink more water: Drinking plenty of water regularly is another must for controlling diabetes and reducing the risk of eye problems like dryness, irritation, and burning sensations.

Stop smoking: Smoking damages the veins, arteries, and capillaries in the body, which further irritates the eye damage associated with diabetes.

Annual dilated eye exam:

To make sure your efforts to control your blood sugar are helping to keep your vision healthy, see your eye doctor annually—or more often if recommended—for a comprehensive eye exam with dilation. This visit will include screening for diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma and cataracts. Your eye doctor can detect the early stages of diabetic retinopathy long before you notice any symptoms. This early diagnosis combined with preventive action can mean the difference between permanent vision loss and maintaining your ability to see clearly.


(Disclaimer: Dr. Saurabh Choudhry is the CEO of ICARE Eye Hospital, Noida, one of the oldest and largest NABH accredited eye hospitals in Delhi-NCR, established in 1993. The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not reflect the views of Zee News.)

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